Homegrown Yankees: Tennessees Union Cavalry in the Civil War

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Also, the census matches fairly well with the latter of the two above, and includes an Isaac I question if maybe both census entries are correct, with the first entry having been compiled prior to Pleasant, along with his father Isaac, were apparently involved in accusing someone of witchcraft in Herald, of 22d July. After several months of suffering, all recovered except one, Miss Rebecca French, a maiden of forty.

She was so much affected that frequent consultations were held amongst the witch doctors of the neighborhood who found al their skill unavailing. Amongst these doctors was Isaac Taylor and Pleasant Taylor, both celebrated for their skill in putting witches to flight; many an one had they sent sweeping through the air upon broom-sticks. As soon as he appeared the jerks and trembling of the unfortunate Rebecca returned with great violence; she called for the buckeye rope, which at first Stout declined parting with, but being apprehensive of some personal injury if he longer refused, at length yielded to her request; the rope round the waist of Rebecca, when wonderful to tell!

She obtained immediate relief! Here was proof positive that Stout was a witch, and among consultation of friends of the bewildered damsel, it was determined that if Stout could be prevailed upon to take the patient by the hand, and pronounce certain mysterious words, a cure would be effected for ninety-nine years. Stout, however , had left the house, and in order to procure his attendance, one Charles Staunton filed an account before Esquire French; a bail warrant was issued and placed in the hands of a constable, who, with a posse of five armed men, arrested Stout and took him before Esquire French for trial, where many neighbors were assembled to wait the issue.

Stout, bless me, I know you can relieve me. All parties prepared for trial. Stout appeared at February term of Fentress County court, but Rebecca not appearing to prosecute, he was discharged, and at the following term it was decided that Rebecca should pay the costs, from which an appeal was taken in the nature of a writ of error to the circuit court. At the May term of county court, Isaac Taylor appeared and filed his plea of not guilty on the complaint of Stout.

The case was submitted to a jury, to whom all the facts connected with the transaction were detailed by Stout on the part of the state. French, Esq. Being introduced on the part of the defendant, deposed that no further violence was used toward Stout at his house, than an attempt to knock him down with a chair; that he never believed in witchcraft until his daughter had been so badly bewitched; that he now had no doubt of its reality, and there pointing to Stout stands the very old sinner. The case being argued by learned council, the jury found Taylor guilty, from which an appeal was taken to the superior court, where the matter now rests.

More Genealogy Tools. Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA. Login to find your connection. Pleasant Taylor. E Henderson 85 F Angelina G Jasper H Newton I Orange K Tyler 2 This amounted to 6. Losses directly attributable to the Conscription Act were While all of the companies of the 13th Cavalry had mustered by March 1, the 28th Cavalry was mustered nearly two months later. The effect is illustrated by the mean age of enlistees in the two units.

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As one might expect, their average ages were greater than those of the 13th Cavalry at An examination of ages of the lieutenants of the 13th Texas Cavalry during and after the reorganization is revealing. Some evidently believed that their duties would be light, and that the labor of the enlisted soldiers would allow them to enjoy an idle, gentlemanly existence. The median age of the original lieutenants was thirty-four, compared to the overall regimental median age prior to reorganization of twenty-six. The age factor was even more dramatic among the lieutenants of the southern counties of Jasper, Newton, Orange, and Tyler, where the average was over thirty-eight.

Not surprisingly, all twelve lieutenants from these counties were dropped. The average age of the remaining twelve lieu- 30 The Regiment is Reorganized tenants was twenty-nine. Four of the twelve went on to command their companies later in the war. By electing the young and energetic, they were voting for their own self-interest. One potentially unpopular aspect of the reorganization was evidently not communicated to the troops. New muster rolls were prepared for the Confederacy on May 24 and for the state adjutant general on May Those prepared by Capt.

I think there is some prospect of our Regiment going back to Texas to reorganize our Regt. Less than a month later, Hebert wrote General Robert E. There is an excess of cavalry, badly mounted and worse armed. Many mounted regiments were therefore organized, and later dismounted. One soldier who was very concerned was Lt. Edward Currie. Corley declined appointment during the reorganization. Captain A. Hebert relative to pay funds for the Regt. In February and March , the original lettering sequence, established by the order that the units joined the regiment, was: Company A, Capt.

Fairchild, Orange County. Bean, Tyler County. The company designations were little more than an afterthought. The new sequence was established by the order the companies reorganized and mustered. Burnett did have nominal opposition. According to then First Sgt. Smith of Houston County. The petition is also unusual in that it did not sug- 34 The Regiment is Reorganized gest that Colonel Burnett command any particular brigade, although that position is implied by the rank.

Politically, the absence of a recommendation by Gov. Francis R. Lubbock would have limited the likelihood of serious consideration. Of twelve counties in the area in which the 13th Texas was raised, ten had voted against Lubbock in the race for governor. As the regiment prepared to move to Arkansas, efforts were made to ensure that the unit was familiar with army administration.

A copy of the daily accounting was due to the adjutant at regimental headquarters by AM each morning. It contained listings of the serial numbers of privately owned weapons, unit weapons, and physical descriptions of such army property as draft animals, wagons, and camp and garrison equipment. No physical description of the tents exists, but it is likely they were formerly the property of the state or came from stores captured from surrendered Union garrisons.

Less than a year later, commanders were turning in the tents as unserviceable, probably because of dry rot or mildew. We had a Regimental drill yesterday and the Prairie was full of spectators. There was more Ladies on the Prairie than I have seen together in a long time. George A. Hadon of Houston County. She left to return to Jasper on Sunday with Judge Gray.

One or two pairs of oxen or mules drew each wagon. Some companies may have arrived with their own wagons. Captain Black of Leon County signed a receipt for replacement harness items for a wagon from the quartermaster on May 1. Over three months, cots had been constructed from poles, mattress ticks stuffed with straw, camp chairs made, and innumerable empty boxes and barrels converted to furniture. The hard lessons of unit movement were being learned.

The staff planned the movement, commanders gave orders, and sergeants tried to carry them out. The horses were picketed near their riders and ate discarded mattress straw. The morning of the seventh began very early. I am at this time 8 miles below Tyler awaiting for dinner.

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The Regiment Camped 3 miles above here last night and will go about 15 miles To day and if nothing prevents we will overtake them Tonight. The people on the road Say the Regiment is in good health and are getting along verry well. We are now on our march to Little Rock Arkansas. The Federals have not taken it as we heard but are retreating to Missoura.

The general was not favorably impressed. I arrived at Camp on the 11th and have not been out Side of the Lines except on duty Since my arrival. Never one to waste a training opportunity, McCulloch spent considerable time with the 13th Texas that month. His General Order No. The delay at Camp McCulloch may also have been made necessary by the number of stragglers and others who had overstayed leave at home. As drill and training continued, it became clear that some of the soldiers were unable to meet the physical demands required. No meaningful physical evaluation had been conducted prior to their enlistment.

On the frontier, heavy labor and injuries resulting from working with large animals and the lack of skilled medical treat- 38 The Regiment is Reorganized 39 Chapter 2 ment meant that many soldiers simply could not meet the demands placed upon them. Hernias, badly healed broken bones, and joint injuries were common. Untreated intestinal parasites from improperly prepared food and contaminated water added to the poor condition of others.

Previously undiagnosed tuberculosis was also a frequent cause for a medical discharge. The regiment spent four hours a day practicing close order drill, both mounted and dismounted. Most importantly, it taught the high degree of self-control needed to be a unit, not individuals, in battle. Of their cavalry drills, no information remains. Philip St. It is more likely cavalry training was based on fragmentary memories of the few veterans of the Mexican War who remained in the regiment. The health of the Company and Regiment is tolerable good at this time there were about 40 reported not able to do duty this morning.

We are camped in a bountiful Country with plenty of Good water. Our stock is all in good order and improving So that we will be in a good Condition to Travel soon. Our orders are now to Little Rock Ark at which place you will direct your letters. The beef to feed us to Arkansas will be delivered to us on the 24th and I presume we will leave for Little Rock on the 25th. Shortages of coffee, medicines, and manufactured goods soon resulted.

General Hebert, sensing a bluff, refused to capitulate but did order the evacuation of civilians, livestock, and supply stocks beyond those necessary for the Confederate garrison. It was a matter of concern for the soldiers of the 13th Texas that they were ordered to Arkansas despite the dangers facing their own state. Monroe, A. Cooper, Jefferson Davis, Losses amounted to Data from Compiled Service Records is summarized in Table 2.

On Apr. A large number of desertions and resignations may have been a direct result of the reorganization as well. Jane Johansson provides clear data for comparison. Johansson, Peculiar Honor, See Table 2 for data for the 13th Cavalry. Granderson M. Hanks to Gen. Samuel Cooper, Apr. Hanks, personal papers.

Smith Co B , and Capt. Fairchild Co I. CSR, M, H. Jackson Rawls, Jul. Thomas Rounsaville to Mattie H. Bond, Feb. Hebert to Gen. Robert E. Lee, Jun. Walter Lord, ed. Thomas C. Hindman, and later Maj. Theophilus H. Stark to Martha Stark, Sept. Hanks, W. Payne, H. Brown, W. Blewett, and S. Blair, personal papers, travel voucher and authorization dated May 10, The U. Smith, personal papers. Reagan and Congressman Franklin B.

Only Leon and Orange Counties had solid Lubbock majorities. CSR, M, Lt. David T. Arrington, receipt in personal papers. Patricia L. Faust, ed. Jane Johansson, ed. A number of other commanders turned in tents at that time as well. Joseph P. Smyth to Emily Smyth, May 19, , in the Seale family papers. Lord, The Fremantle Diary, Smyth to Emily Smyth, May 19, William Blewett to Nancy Blewett, Jun. McCulloch, General Orders No. This area was known as the District of East Texas. John Elsberg, ed. Thomas R. Recorded in period diagnosis as phthisis pulmonarialis.

Brevet Lt. Gunn, The 28th Cavalry, along with Colonel G. The weather was hot, but not excessively so. In the afternoons, breaks were called every hour or so, to take advantage of roadside shade. William Blewett of Company H wrote, Several of the boys are complaining but all of them are able to ride. So far we have found plenty of corn but the probability is that in some places between this and Little Rock we will be scarce.

The supply of corn was not as dependable as Captain Blewett believed. Philepus Finch of his duties and sent Lieutenant Stark of Company H ahead along the route of march to buy horse feed. I believe I get 75 cents a day extra of my pay and my expenses paid and [sic] when on the march. Edward W. The selection of a campsite for the regiment, named Camp Blair after the sergeant major, was unfortunate. An outbreak of measles was soon aggravated by contaminated water that caused typhoid fever. I write this while on guard in red river swamp July 14th Our leaders are very notionate and changeable.

Monroe left the plantation bound for Little Rock on the 14th. Thomas Hindman and his staff. Colonel Burnett was too late to discuss the issue of dismounting with General Hindman. The imperative necessity of the case admits of no exception whatever, and it is hoped that a proper degree of patriotism will ensure a ready obedience. Theophilus Holmes replaced Hindman, perhaps believing that Holmes would be more receptive to mounted troops. We still have a great many sick and two more deaths in our company [H] Charles L. I think both of Typhoid fever. He has dismounted his men. The measles is annoying them.

Jackson Thomas of Bradley, Arkansas, the closest town, operated a sawmill on a nearby stream. Added to their discomfort was the loss of their horses. Holmes, was dismounted and the horses sent home.

Those fortunate enough to be chosen for the task did gain a few days with loved ones at home but faced a march of over one hundred miles to return to Walnut Hill. The long delays at Camp English had a serious impact on unit morale. I shall perhaps send my horse by Mr G W Layton the bearer of this [letter].

I cannot tell you what to do with him I am too down hearted to look ahead or to be able to see what is best and cannot sell him here for any thing like a fair price. I shall feel sad at parting from him but cannot keep him here. Edward Currie, the regimental surgeon, and Dr. Shadrach Collins, the assistant surgeon, treated the troops during the epidemic of measles and typhoid. John J. Burroughs of Company K assisted them, and a number of soldiers were detailed as nurses. We are now on our way to Little Rock and will not stop until we get there and they say we will have something to do but I hope not.

The companies were all seriously reduced in numbers due to the reorganization and losses to disease. During the next two weeks, the regiment crossed the Ouachita River at Camden, marched through Princeton and Tulip, and waded the Saline River near Benton. On September 2, the regiment was twentyeight miles south of Little Rock. Word would have reached the men that Confederate forces commanded by Maj. Rector, the governor of Arkansas. Quantities of clay and mud had to be removed from practically everything. The men of the 13th Texas Cavalry no doubt tried to look their best as they passed in review for those on the steps of the State House.

Blessington of the 16th Texas Infantry described a similar experience two weeks later. Churches and some homes were built of brick. Even the humbler sort of houses were framed of sawed lumber and painted. There was not a log house to be seen. The buildings of the college were being used as a hospital and convalescent camp.

Dusty roads quickly changed to sticky clay. Captain Blewett of Company H had recovered from measles at Camp English but had been suffering from an intermittent fever for several days. Charles Beaty, his brother-in-law, found a place for him to convalesce at the home of Mr. As the night progressed, the rain became a downpour.

Dawn broke, the tents were loaded on the supply wagons, and the regiment resumed its march to the northeast. Light rain continued throughout the day. They arrived near Austin, Arkansas, at Camp Hope known in some documents as Camp Holmes, on the ninth, and remained several days waiting for further orders. Thomas Rounsaville of Company C wrote his niece on Sunday, September 14, [It] is with pleasure that I take the present opportunity of writing you a few lines this beautiful and bright Sabbath morning after a long and fatiguing travel of about three months.

We left home the seventh of June and arrived at this camp the ninth of September, which was three months we was on the road. We was dismounted some two hundred miles from this place. Matt, we had a long and wearisome trip of it since we left home. When we was dismounted we was sadly disappointed for we was compelled to take it afoot and we walked about two hundred miles and our feet was blistered considerably.

Some of our boys entirely gave out. I do not care how nice they are kept they will smell badly. And any thing 53 Chapter 3 that is cooked taste[s] like the camps smell. It is a disagreeable Kitchen smell, that I cannot describe. Both the regimental chaplain John B. Charles Beaty were with him in Little Rock when he died. A Christian soldier! Brack is 1st and G. Hanson 2nd Lt. The men we left at Camp English have not got up yet. William B. Richard B. General Holmes named Colonel Young as the brigade commander. Some of our boys said they had never seen so many men together in their lives.

On September 21, , Capt. Holmes was at Col. Randol, but I could not hear them good. The Gen. Randol right severely. I do not know to what single fact to attribute it. If any one fact more than another accounts for it. The dates of rank of four of the colonels were the bone of contention. Oran B. William Ochiltree had served as a brigadier and adjutant general of the Republic and State of Texas in John Burnett had been commissioned a colonel in the Georgia militia when he returned from the Mexican War at about the age of twenty-one.

Oran M. Roberts, at forty-seven, had served as a justice of the Texas Supreme Court and had been president of the Secession Convention that removed Texas from the Union in January His disciplinary attitudes would have been more likely to establish good order, and his staff experience made his actions more in keeping with what the Department wanted and expected. But as General Holmes forcefully pointed out, his relations with his peers would have to be more collegial than dictatorial. Colonel Roberts had been a justice of the Texas Supreme Court and president of the secession convention.


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Colonel Ochiltree had resigned as a Confederate Congressman to raise his regiment, and Burnett had resigned from the Texas Senate. It was also the case that standing armies and professional soldiers had always been mistrusted in Texas. Because of the friction between Burnett and Randal, Capt. Smith of Company B decided that a political solution was best. He wrote to his friend, Postmaster General John H. Burnett for promotion to brigadier general. I suppose from the fact that all our military operations have heretofore been conducted at San Antonio.

Sexton of San Augustine and discussed the matter.

Congressman Franklin B. Sexton broached the subject again in a meeting with President Davis in January but without result. The challenges to Randal by the other regimental commanders are best understood in the terms of their political experiences, not military ones. In the political world, the others were accomplished and prominent members, but in the military establishment they were newcomers. Their correspondence indicates that their primary concern was in closing with and destroying the enemy.

One soldier from Company H wrote that camp life was prevented from becoming dull by the proximity of the enemy. James B. Rounsaville of Company C reported that Brig. Its march on October 2, under increasingly overcast skies, was uneventful. After the men arrived in camp that evening, light rain soon became a downpour. The downpour continued as the columns formed in the morning and moved slowly for twelve more miles. The men soon began to suffer from immersion foot, leading in many cases to blisters and infections from water contaminated by animal manure and urine.

The camp was in a scrubby pine forest on top of a bluff, which provided little protection from the wind. The whole country seems to be covered with troops moving in different directions. Confederate pickets captured Union deserters and spies almost daily. Some of them seem to think that we would murder them as fast as we could lay hand on them.

They seemed sure that they would be paroled soon and then could go home to wait for the formalities of a prisoner exchange before returning to their units. Disease was already producing many casualties in the poorly fed and clothed 13th Texas and the other regiments.

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George W. We buried him with military honors. The funeral volleys over a brother soldiers grave have something peculiarly solemn about them [,] it is a loud toned farwell. The news from Texas was also disturbing. Following a four-day truce to evacuate civilians, Gen. Paul Hebert was forced to surrender Galveston on October 8, He had believed that an effective defense of the city was impossible and had removed to the mainland all but one of the heavy cannons in the Confederate positions on the island.

The defenders withdrew, and nine days after the fall of Galveston, U. Marines returned and destroyed fourteen barracks and stables on the Texas side of Sabine Lake. Thomas J. Rounsaville to Mattie H. Bond, Sept. William Blewett to Nancy Blewett, Jul. Stark to Martha Stark, Jul. Cade to Allie Cade, Jul. Carson, Desk of Henry Ralph, 77, diary entries, Jul. Aldrich, History of Houston County, James Russell Burnett their Captain.

Colonel Burnett went to see Maj. Theophilus Hunter Holmes on July 16, See Michael B. Holmes, however, did not arrive in Little Rock until Aug. In an unnumbered special order dated July 19, , Brig. McCulloch gave orders that units enroute to Arkansas could remain mounted only until they reached the Red River. By that time, Colonel Burnett was already in Little Rock, and would have been unaware of the directive.

The Tyler Texas Reporter, July 24, Stark to Martha Stark, Aug. Theophilus Perry to Harriet Perry, Jul. Papers of John A. A number of soldiers who received medical separations were also reported as too ill to travel when the regiment departed. The number of total deaths was likely near ninety.

Louisa Perry to Theophilus Perry, Nov. Burroughs and John H. John Burroughs was authorized to travel to Little Rock during July to purchase medical supplies. James Mann to Mary Mann, Aug.

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CSR, M, 75— Stark to Mary Stark, Sept. General Holmes. Ibid, Special Order No. Butler, personal papers. The convalescent camp at St. Roberts of the 11th Texas Infantry. Charles R. Beaty to Nancy Blewett, Sept. Rounsaville to Narcissa Rounsaville, Sept. Theophilus Perry to Harriet Perry, Sept. Martin W. Berry of Company D died on Sept. In a clipping from the Little Rock Gazette, Sept. Later known as the 12th Texas Infantry Regiment. Johansson, Widows by the Thousand, 32— Tyler, New Handbook of Texas, 4: Johansson, Peculiar Honor, 7—8.

Smith to John H Reagan, Sep. Franklin B. Sexton, et al. Texas Confederate Congressmen Malcom D. Graham, Peter W. Gray, John A. Wilcox, William B. Wright, and Franklin B. Sexton signed the petition; Ezra J. Warner and W. Davis, Oct. Army Military History Institute.

Samuel Curtis had withdrawn his harassed Union forces into defensive positions at Helena in the summer of , Dougan, Confederate Arkansas, Stark to Martha Stark, Oct. Sherwood F. Joined by the other regiments of their brigade, they marched about seventeen miles that day. The night of the tenth was marked by hail, and in the morning the sleepless men were greeted by cold rain that turned to sleet.

The north wind gained force, the temperature dropped below freezing, and the rain still fell. The sick huddled around them listlessly, more dead than alive. See Terms of Use for details. Privacy policy About WeRelate Disclaimers. Columbus Patrick Samples b. Alexander Samples abt - M. Eliza P. Samples abt - Matilda Samples - Martha E.

Samples - William A. Samples - John D. Columbus Patrick Samples. Patrick C. Death [1]. Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee, United States. Alt Death [1]. Military [1].